Basic IPTable Rules

Basic IPTable Rules

Category : How-to

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Here are some basic IPTable rules to enable essential connectivity from the host. Outbound connectivity such as ping, DNS and HTTP are all enabled, along with inbound SSH.

All external sources are enabled for SSH so it’s advisable to restrict this further once you’re up and running. This IPTables script is intended to be a starting point and may need to be tailored for your security requirements.

Paste the below script in order to get started.

Optional, run iptables -F to clear existing rules.

iptables -F

 

# Loopback
iptables -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
iptables -A OUTPUT -o lo -j ACCEPT

# Established
iptables -A INPUT -m conntrack --ctstate ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
iptables -A OUTPUT -m conntrack --ctstate ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT

# Drop invalid
iptables -A INPUT -m conntrack --ctstate INVALID -j DROP

# Incoming SSH
iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 22 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
iptables -A OUTPUT -p tcp --sport 22 -m conntrack --ctstate ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT

# Outgoing HTTPS
iptables -A OUTPUT -o eth0 -p tcp --dport 443 -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -i eth0 -p tcp --sport 443 -m state --state ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT

# Outgoing HTTP
iptables -A OUTPUT -o eth0 -p tcp --dport 80 -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -i eth0 -p tcp --sport 80 -m state --state ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT

# Outgoing DNS
iptables -A OUTPUT -p udp -o eth0 --dport 53 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -p udp -i eth0 --sport 53 -j ACCEPT

# Outgoing Ping
iptables -A OUTPUT -p icmp --icmp-type echo-request -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -p icmp --icmp-type echo-reply -j ACCEPT

# Default chain
iptables -P INPUT DROP
iptables -P FORWARD DROP
iptables -P OUTPUT DROP

See the cheat sheet for more information.


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