Scripted Install of Oracle Java 8 on Ubuntu 16.04

Scripted Install of Oracle Java 8 on Ubuntu 16.04

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Please see Install Oracle Java In Debian/ Ubuntu using apt-get for more information.

apt install -y software-properties-common
apt-add-repository -y ppa:webupd8team/java
apt update
echo oracle-java8-installer shared/accepted-oracle-license-v1-1 select true | /usr/bin/debconf-set-selections
apt install -y oracle-java8-installer

 


Start/ Stop Container Using The Proxmox Web API in Bash

Category : How-to

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The Proxmox Web API can perform any actions available in the front end Web. By implementing a REST API, all commands have been exposed and can be used programatically.

In this example we’ll use Bash to call the Proxmox Web API with our authentication token to start and stop an existing LXC Container.

See this post for an introduction to the Proxmox Web API, including all available API commands.

To issue API requests you’ll need to ensure you have already generated an authentication ticket which is described in Parse Proxmox Web API authentication ticket and the CSRFPreventionToken in Bash.

Once you have the authentication ticket you’ll need to call the Proxmox API using curl and parse the result. Use the below scripts and substitute the values as required:

Start an LXC Container

  • TICKET is the authentication ticket that was produced in the Parse Proxmox Web API authentication ticket and the CSRFPreventionToken in Bash post. Ideally you would programatically call the authentication routine and then pass the values straight into the below API calls.
  • CSRF is produced in the same way as TICKET. It’s actually only required when writing data to the API but there is no harm in always including it.
  • HOST is the host or IP address of the Proxmox server.
  • NODE is the node name of the Proxmox server that the LXC Container resides on.
  • TARGET_VM  is the VMID of the LXC Container.
TICKET=[security-ticket]
CSRF=[csrf-token]
HOST=prox-node1
NODE=prox-node1
TARGET_VMID=100

START_TASK_DATA=`curl -s -k -b "PVEAuthCookie=$TICKET" -H "CSRFPreventionToken: $CSRF" -X POST $HOST/api2/json/nodes/$NODE/lxc/$TARGET_VMID/status/start`

START_TASK_RESULT=$(decodeDataFromJson $START_TASK_DATA 'data')

If $START_TASK_RESULT doesn’t come back with null or empty then the command has successfully executed.

Stop an LXC Container

Stopping a VM in Proxmox is very similar to starting one, with just a slight change to the API URL call. All other options are the same as the above section ‘Start an LXC Container’.

TICKET=[security-ticket]
CSRF=[csrf-token]
HOST=prox-node1
NODE=prox-node1
TARGET_VMID=100

STOP_TASK_DATA=`curl -s -k -b "PVEAuthCookie=$TICKET" -H "CSRFPreventionToken: $CSRF" -X POST $HOST/api2/json/nodes/$NODE/lxc/$TARGET_VMID/status/stop`

STOP_TASK_RESULT=$(decodeDataFromJson $STOP_TASK_DATA 'data')

If $STOP_TASK_RESULT doesn’t come back with null or empty then the command has successfully executed.


Parse Proxmox Web API authentication ticket and the CSRFPreventionToken in Bash

Category : How-to

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The Proxmox Web API can perform any actions available in the front end Web. By implementing a REST API, all commands have been exposed and can be used programatically.

The API is secured using a token based method which provides a ticket that must accompany all API requests except for the request that generates the token. The token is generated from an API call containing a username, password and security realm.

In this example we’ll use Bash to call the Proxmox Web API, authenticate with the root Proxmox user and parse the response for use in later API requests. Note that it’s not good practice to use the root account for API calls due to the security implications.

See this post for an introduction to the Proxmox Web API.

Add this function to the top of your Bash script. This will be used to parse the JSON using standard Bash calls to obtain the information we need.

decodeDataFromJson(){
    echo `echo $1 \
	    | sed 's/{\"data\"\:{//g' \
	    | sed 's/\\\\\//\//g' \
	    | sed 's/[{}]//g' \
            | awk -v k="text" '{n=split($0,a,","); for (i=1; i<=n; i++) print a[i]}' \
	    | sed 's/\"\:\"/\|/g' \
	    | sed 's/[\,]/ /g' \
	    | sed 's/\"// g' \
	    | grep -w $2 \
	    | awk -F "|" '{print $2}'`
}

The next step is to call the Proxmox API using curl to obtain our authentication token. Use the below script and substitute the values as required:

  • PROX_USERNAME is the username and security realm used to log into the Proxmox Web front end. This must be a valid user with the required permission to make the calls you need.
  • PROX_PASSWORD is the password for the above user. You must escape any special characters as usual in Bash.
  • HOST is the host or IP address of the Proxmox server.
[email protected]
PROX_PASSWORD=PASSWORD
HOST=proxmox-host

DATA=`curl -s -k -d "username=$PROX_USERNAME&password=$PROX_PASSWORD" $HOST/api2/json/access/ticket` 
TICKET=$(decodeDataFromJson $DATA 'ticket')
CSRF=$(decodeDataFromJson $DATA 'CSRFPreventionToken')

And that’s all there is to it! You can use the variables $TICKET and $CSRF in later requests. Keep in mind that a valid ticket is only valid for 2 hours, after that you’ll need to create a new one.


DataStax Cassandra 3.2 Bash Install Script

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The below script installs the DataStax distribution of Cassandra 3.2.x and the latest Oracle Java 8 on Debian. Copy and paste the script into a file called install_cassandra.sh and execute it as root.

Change the version 3.2 on line 12 to match the version you’d like to install.

#!/bin/bash
set -e

apt-get update
apt-get install -y wget curl

echo "Installing repos"
echo "deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/webupd8team/java/ubuntu xenial main" | tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/webupd8team-java.list
echo "deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/webupd8team/java/ubuntu xenial main" | tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/webupd8team-java.list
apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv-keys EEA14886

echo "deb http://debian.datastax.com/datastax-ddc 3.2 main" | tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/cassandra.sources.list
curl -L https://debian.datastax.com/debian/repo_key | apt-key add -


echo "Installing binaries"
apt-get update
echo oracle-java7-installer shared/accepted-oracle-license-v1-1 select true | /usr/bin/debconf-set-selections
apt-get install -y oracle-java8-installer datastax-ddc

echo "Complete"

Then connect to the local Cassandra instance run the cqlsh tool.

cqlsh

Connected to Test Cluster at 127.0.0.1:9042.
[cqlsh 5.0.1 | Cassandra 3.2.1 | CQL spec 3.4.0 | Native protocol v4]
Use HELP for help.
cqlsh>

 


Automated Bash MongoDB 3.2 Install Script for Debian/ Ubuntu

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mongodb-logoMongoDB is one of the leading noSQL breeds of database that’s been growing in popularity in recent years. The database is available in a ‘community edition’ that’s available for all to use freely.

The database setup and install is mostly straightforward however there are a few steps you have to take to get a MongoDB instance up and running.

The binaries aren’t shipped by the common Linux distributions so you’ll need to add the apt repositories hosted by mongodb.org. After installing the binaries there are a few config options that can be helpful to start with that are not contained in the default MongoDB install.

First off, create a file on your server called install_mongo.sh and copy the content of the script into it found in the below link.

MongoDB 3.2 Bash Install Script

vi install_mongo.sh

Then make the script executable and run it.

chmod +x install_mongo.sh
./install_mongo.sh

Once the script completes you’ll be able to connect to your MongoDB instance with adminadmin.

mongo admin -u admin -p admin

MongoDB shell version: 3.2.7
connecting to: admin
rs1:PRIMARY>

What the MongoDB install script does

The following is a brief outline of the steps the script takes:

  1. Add the apt repository from mongodb.org and associated key.
  2. Install the full mongo-org package containing these packages: mongodb-org-server, mongodb-org-mongos, mongodb-org-shell, mongodb-org-tools.
  3.  Add a basic config file that:
    1. Enforces the wiredTiger storage engine.
    2. Enables remote access by listening on ALL interfaces.
    3. Enables replication, even if it’s just a stand alone node.
    4. Enables user authentication.
  4. Initiates the server as a replication cluster.
  5. Adds a user for administration called admin with password admin.

 


MongoDB 3.2 Bash Install Script

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The below script installs MongoDB 3.2.x on Debian. Copy and paste the script into a file called install_mongo.sh and execute it as root.

#!/bin/bash
set -e

echo "Installing repo"
apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv EA312927

echo "deb http://repo.mongodb.org/apt/debian wheezy/mongodb-org/3.2 main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-3.2.list


echo "Installing binaries"
apt-get update
apt-get install -y mongodb-org
service mongod stop


echo "Setting up default settings"
rm -rf /var/lib/mongodb/*
cat > /etc/mongod.conf <<'EOF'
storage:
  dbPath: /var/lib/mongodb
  directoryPerDB: true
  journal:
    enabled: true
  engine: "wiredTiger"

systemLog:
  destination: file
  logAppend: true
  path: /var/log/mongodb/mongod.log

net:
  port: 27017
  bindIp: 0.0.0.0
  maxIncomingConnections: 100

replication:
  oplogSizeMB: 128
  replSetName: "rs1"

security:
  authorization: enabled

EOF

service mongod start
sleep 5

mongo admin <<'EOF'
use admin
rs.initiate()
exit
EOF

sleep 5

echo "Adding admin user"
mongo admin <<'EOF'
use admin
rs.initiate()
var user = {
  "user" : "admin",
  "pwd" : "admin",
  roles : [
      {
          "role" : "userAdminAnyDatabase",
          "db" : "admin"
      }
  ]
}
db.createUser(user);
exit
EOF

echo "Complete"

Then connect to the local MongoDB instance

mongo admin -u admin -p admin

MongoDB shell version: 3.2.7
connecting to: admin
rs1:PRIMARY>

 


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