Apt-get error: E: The method driver /usr/lib/apt/methods/https could not be found

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Apt-get error: E: The method driver /usr/lib/apt/methods/https could not be found

Category : How-to

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I’ve been getting the following error when using apt-get update with Debian Wheezy recently.

It seems that apt-get only supports HTTP connections by default, and throws an error with any HTTPS URLs.  You’ll likely see this error message if you add a new apt source URL that starts with https. What’s most annoying is that apt doesn’t simply ignore the HTTPS URL when updating the local cache, it actually stops all updates regardless of URL schema.

Luckily the fix is easy and requires an additional apt package to handle the SSL URLs. Run the below command to install the apt-transport-https package to enable apt to use HTTPS URL lists.

Once this is installed, apt should function and update its local cache from your apt lists.


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Manually downloading Java For Use With Webupd8’s apt-get Package

Category : How-to

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java-logoOracle Java is one of the biggest problems in life. That’s just a fact. Half of it is the fact that you have to download it directly from Oracle each time, quarter of it is the almost daily updates (compounded by the first problem), and the remainder is dealing with the fact that the first problem is there by design.

Thankfully the boys and girls over at Webupd8 have created and maintain an apt-get deployed version of Oracle Java that handles initial setup and future updates. The apt package doesn’t actually contain the Oracle Java binaries, because that’s against Oracle’s TOC’s, but it contains a script that downloads it for you – all behind the scenes.

Sometimes Corporate networks block access to Oracle’s download servers and therefore block access to you installing Oracle Java by this method. Except…

You can manually download the JDK from Oracle and copy it to the required machine in the apt cache directory. When you then run the apt-get command the installer will realise that the tar.gz containing the Java binaries is available and won’t need to download it. You’ll still need the internet to download the apt package, but you won’t need to access oracle.com.

First off, make the relevant cache directory for use with your version of java. This example assumes Java 8.

Copy the latest version of Java into the above cache directory. This assumes that the download is in your current directory and is Java version 8 update 91.

Finally install the required version of Java.

You’ll see the message Installing from local file as part of the installation indicating the installer hasn’t needed to download the Java binaries from Oracle.

 


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Install DataStax Cassandra 3 on Debain/ Ubuntu

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datastax-logoThe following process will install the DataStax distribution of Cassandra on any Debian based system, such as Debian or Ubuntu. We’ll use the official DataStax apt repositories to install Cassandra using apt-get.

Cassandra is written in Java and the latest version (at the time of writing) of Cassandra requires Java 8. You can use either OpenJDK or visit my Oracle Java post on installing the Oracle distribution of Java 8.

Once you have Java 8 installed and confirmed you can continue to install Cassandra. Use java -version on the command line to check your Java version.

Install DataStax Cassandra 3.4

Note: You can use the simple Bash script to install Java 8 and a single instance of Cassandra found here.

The first step to installing Cassandra with apt is to add the DataStax Cassandra repository and repository key to your local apt list. Run the following command to add the required repository and update your local apt cache. Change the version 3.4 on the first line to match the version you’d like to install.

Once you’re updated then run the install command and begin the Cassandra install.

Debian’s policy is for software to be available locally after the install has completed and therefore your Cassandra instance will be running as a single stand alone node.

You can run the nodetool to check the install has completed and that the Cassandra instance is available.

The next step is to configure your Cassandra instance by editing the yaml config file /etc/cassandra/cassandra.yaml but that’s a blog post for another day.


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DataStax Cassandra 3.2 Bash Install Script

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The below script installs the DataStax distribution of Cassandra 3.2.x and the latest Oracle Java 8 on Debian. Copy and paste the script into a file called install_cassandra.sh and execute it as root.

Change the version 3.2 on line 12 to match the version you’d like to install.

Then connect to the local Cassandra instance run the cqlsh tool.

 


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Automated Bash MongoDB 3.2 Install Script for Debian/ Ubuntu

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mongodb-logoMongoDB is one of the leading noSQL breeds of database that’s been growing in popularity in recent years. The database is available in a ‘community edition’ that’s available for all to use freely.

The database setup and install is mostly straightforward however there are a few steps you have to take to get a MongoDB instance up and running.

The binaries aren’t shipped by the common Linux distributions so you’ll need to add the apt repositories hosted by mongodb.org. After installing the binaries there are a few config options that can be helpful to start with that are not contained in the default MongoDB install.

First off, create a file on your server called install_mongo.sh and copy the content of the script into it found in the below link.

MongoDB 3.2 Bash Install Script

Then make the script executable and run it.

Once the script completes you’ll be able to connect to your MongoDB instance with adminadmin.

What the MongoDB install script does

The following is a brief outline of the steps the script takes:

  1. Add the apt repository from mongodb.org and associated key.
  2. Install the full mongo-org package containing these packages: mongodb-org-server, mongodb-org-mongos, mongodb-org-shell, mongodb-org-tools.
  3.  Add a basic config file that:
    1. Enforces the wiredTiger storage engine.
    2. Enables remote access by listening on ALL interfaces.
    3. Enables replication, even if it’s just a stand alone node.
    4. Enables user authentication.
  4. Initiates the server as a replication cluster.
  5. Adds a user for administration called admin with password admin.

 


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MongoDB 3.2 Bash Install Script

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The below script installs MongoDB 3.2.x on Debian. Copy and paste the script into a file called install_mongo.sh and execute it as root.

Then connect to the local MongoDB instance

 


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